The Kinks – Schoolboys in Disgrace – Classic Music Review


Once upon a time there was a naughty little schoolboy. He and his gang were always playing tricks on the teachers and bullying other children in the school. One day he got himself into very serious trouble with a naughty schoolgirl and he was sent to the Headmaster who decided to disgrace the naughty boy and his gang in front of the whole school.

After this punishment the boy turned into a hard and bitter character. Perhaps it was not the punishment that changed him but the fact that he realised people in authority would always be there to kick him down and the Establishment would always put him in his place. He knew that he could not change the past but he vowed that in the future he would always get what he wanted. The naughty little boy grew up . . . into Mr Flash.

The liner notes quoted above set the stage for Schoolboys in Disgrace, the final chapter in The Kinks’ theatrical period. Pretty much devoid of the musical theatre flourishes that marked Soap Opera, it is probably the most accessible of the three theatrical works—a feature born of compromise. Ray Davies had given into bandmate demands for something closer to a real Kinks album while still holding on to his desire to produce one more themed extravaganza. Stephen Erlewine criticized his approach in his review on, describing it as “pulling in two separate ways.” I can understand his point of view, for there are moments when Ray steps out of character and we’re not sure if we’re hearing Flash or Ray Davies, but Schoolboys in Disgrace does tell a coherent and linear story. While the liner notes would have you believe that humiliation by The Establishment is what turned Flash into a greed-driven, me-first leader, that aspect of the story is more surface than substance. What really gives birth to Flash and millions like him is a rotten educational system that teaches blind obedience instead of personal responsibility and ignores the real needs of the population it is supposed to be serving.

In Ringing True, that marvelous book by Robert Morrow, the philosophy at the core of the story tells us that we all have three basic responsibilities in life: responsibility to self, responsibility to others and a responsibility to the community. That model provides us with a powerful lens through which we can consider Flash. Any sense of responsibility in Flash’s soul was devoted to the preservation of self. He couldn’t have cared less about other people and had no sense of community whatsoever. This is the tragic flaw that leads to his downfall in Preservation: his complete inability to accept responsibility for the effects his actions have on other people and on society at large. This is the real story of Schoolboys in Disgrace.

The play opens with Flash singing “Schooldays,” where the arpeggiated chords and harmonies harken back to the 1950’s when Flash was entering puberty. The song is strongly nostalgic, despite the fact that most of his memories are decidedly unpleasant:

Schooldays were the happiest days
Though at the time they filled me with dismay
We only remember what we choose to remember
When I was a schoolboy I loathed regulations and rules
I hated my textbooks and my school uniform
‘Cos it made me conform
And teachers were always disobeyed
But I’d go back if I could only find a way.

Well, sure he’d go back—he’s probably writing this from a cell where he’s guarded by Mr. Black’s Shepherds of the Nation! The bizarre nostalgia he experiences feels even more bizarre when the first memory he recounts is the delightful experience of being cruel to a thick classmate, as described in “Jack the Idiot Dunce.” In two songs, Ray Davies has captured one key aspect of Flash’s personality: this is a man with no capacity for self-awareness.

Flash now begins to reflect on what he sees as one of the causes of his ruin: the British educational system. This is where the “pulling in two separate ways” is most obvious. The first half of the song doesn’t sound like Flash; it sounds like Ray Davies, social critic. Flash re-inhabits Ray’s body with the sneering lines that begin with “Thanks to all the mathematicians and the inventors with their high IQ’s.” Despite the confusion of character, the indictment of an educational system that relies on a learning theory based on compliance and rote method seems to identify one of the contributing factors that spawned a defiant, self-absorbed character like Flash. I say “seems” because it’s only half the story. The other pattern that becomes clear here is that Flash will blame anyone but himself for what happened to him: “The system made me do it.” Ray Davies holds that both things are true: the educational system is corrupt and corrupting, but we all have a choice about how we deal with it.

The first three songs establish a pattern of denial that serves as Flash’s primary character trait. The next song introduces us to the subplot that describes how that trait will play out when faced with life’s painful choices. “The First Time We Fall in Love” opens with over-the-top doo-wop with an Elvis-imitator vocal in verse one and a classic falsetto in verse two. The opening nostalgia is total bullshit; it’s Flash again trying to repaint the picture of the past into something prettier than it really was. The more honest feelings arrive with a bitter explosion halfway through the song:

The first time I fell out of love, it knocked me through the floor.
My world came crashing down, it shook me to the core.
I was unprepared ‘cos I was only a kid
And I was much too young and I wasn’t equipped
For the emotional pressures and stresses of it.

Notice that he’s talking about falling out of love, because (as we will soon learn) his feelings of love were tragically ephemeral.

“The First Time We Fall in Love” is a set-up for a three-song suite that comprises one of the most powerful sequences on any Kinks album: “I’m in Disgrace,” “Headmaster” and “The Hard Way.” The music and arrangements on all three songs are exceptionally strong and clear, demonstrating that The Kinks still knew where the power switch was located—in Dave Davies’ amazing fingers. Dave had been generally relegated to the background in Preservation and Soap Opera (though his solos on that album are first-rate), but here his unique and underrated guitar attack is on center stage. On “I’m in Disgrace,” his counterpoint and brief solo are remarkable, but his rhythmic touches are brilliant; somehow he manages to become the rhythmic focus and creates a situation where the notes he doesn’t play provide the most powerful moments, as if we’ve developed an addiction to his guitar. On “Headmaster” he takes over mid-stream with a complex solo that I’d love to see charted; the way he unexpectedly cuts and stretches the length of the notes in the most unexpected ways is mesmerizing. And on “Hard Way,” he just kicks fucking ass with his attack and fills.

But our focus here is Flash, and this is a boy in serious trouble. The opening piano runs of “I’m in Disgrace” provide a reflective backdrop that takes us through Flash’s logic in building an answer to the question, “How could this happen to me?” “This” is getting a girl pregnant, and the most important word in the question I just posed is “me.” Flash’s version is that he was another man in a long line of men who have fallen prey to those evil, seductive temptresses. Men have blamed the broad for everything since Adam and Eve, and Flash is not the kind of guy to turn down a gimme when it provides him with some cover. “You captured me in your embrace!” he cries, and we can imagine the snakelike arms of the whore slowly winding around his unsoiled body as she forces him to give her the only thing we whores really want.


“Headmaster” opens with a longer piano (in the meaning of “soft”) passage as Flash tries to convince the headmaster of what he’s already convinced himself:

I’ve been with those naughty little girls again,
Now those naughty little girls are going to put me to shame.
I wish that I’d been born with a little more sense,
This time it’s a serious offense.

The music builds beautifully into a forte (loud) explosion of pathetic frustration:

I feel like an innocent victim,
I feel that I just can’t win.

The rest of the confession is a lame attempt to avoid a caning. The girl raped him! Of course! He didn’t know what he was doing! He’s young! He’s innocent! Can’t ya cut a guy a break?

Flash will get what he allegedly deserves, but first the headmaster has some sadistic venom to spew in “The Hard Way.” The verbal abuse and debasement are just as sadistic and psychologically damaging as the expected caning. After listening to this rant, you have to wonder, “What on earth does this have to do with education?” I’m sure that’s exactly the question Ray Davies hoped we would ask:

I’m wastin’ my vocation teachin’ you to write neat
When you’re only fit to sweep the streets!
Your intellect is such that it requires a killer’s touch:
So I’m gonna play it your way:
You can take the hard way.

Ray’s leap into soprano on the word “killer” is a truly chilling moment and reveals all we need to know: the headmaster takes great delight in caning and in the senseless use of power; the soprano leap sounds like he’s had a sudden orgasm. British school officials had abused children long before Dickens’ Wackford Squeers entered into public consciousness; the practice did not disappear until it was banned in private schools in England and Wales in 1999. Corporal punishment in this context is a means of satisfying the sadistic urges of the headmaster; the punishment Flash receives bears no relation to the crime and makes no rational sense. If boys like Flash are “born to waste” and “much too dumb to educate,” why bother with the cane? What is he going to learn from that? Will that teach him to take personal responsibility for what he did? All of these questions would have fallen on deaf ears, for tradition trumps common sense and the passion for order trumps learning. The punishment is rendered even more ironic because the sadism expressed by the headmaster is no different from the sadism Flash reveals in his own character when he and his mates abuse The Idiot Dunce. The culture revels in the cruel aspects of sadism.

While the first two songs of the suite begin quietly, there’s no messing around in “The Hard Way.” It’s a kick-ass rock song from the get-go, proving that The Kinks were still a great rock ‘n’ roll band and that Ray Davies had fabulous command of the microphone:

The story stops briefly at “The Last Assembly,” where Flash fights back “tears in the back of my eyes” that are a combination of sadness to be leaving his mates and unspeakable resentment towards the educational system. The musical might have ended at that juncture, but Ray Davies has one more point to make, and he makes it brilliantly in “No More Looking Back,” which takes place some years after graduation while Flash is trying to make his way in the world. While walking along a crowded street, he sees her: his first love, the girl he impregnated. The effect on Flash is powerful and troubling:

But lately, I’ve been going to
All the places that we once knew
And just when I think that I am free of you
I keep seeing the things that remind me of you
And just when I think you’re out of my head
I hear a song that you sang or see a book that you read
Then you’re in every bar, you’re in every café
You’re driving every car, I see you everyday
But you’re not really there because you belong to yesterday.

The question the listener must consider is, “Why her?” If the real punch line to the story is Flash vs. The Establishment (as implied by the liner notes), why does his memory drift back to the woman he blamed for his early downfall? Go back to “The First Time We Fall in Love” and you’ll find the answer. Flash described the experience as one that “shook me to the core” and admits he was not prepared for the “emotional pressures and the stresses of it.” Why was that? Because the adults in his life wouldn’t help him deal with it. While there’s no reference to his parents in the story, we can assume that the overwhelming emotions attached to the discovery of sexual desire were not a topic for discussion at the dinner table. The response of the educational system to this natural stage in human development was to beat the hell out of him. The point Ray Davies makes with this trip down memory lane is that repression distorts the personality. It creates an unbearable tension that must be resolved, and if we fail to teach our children to accept sexual desire as part of what it is to be human, that tension will distort the desire into a very ugly thing. Flash has neither the capacity nor the self-awareness to try to deal with these feelings openly and honestly, so it’s “no more looking back” for him. Just as George Victor’s psychological analysis of Hitler revealed repressed sexuality as one of the causes for his distorted personality, Ray Davies is pointing to both sexual repression and the strange denial of nascent feelings of love as a cause for Flash’s descent into arrogance and destructive greed. “Got to be hard,” he reminds himself, echoing Hitler’s obsession with the necessity to “steel” the German spirit.

“No More Looking Back” is also one hell of a song from a musical perspective. Dave Davies’ complex counterpoint guitar and fills are again superb, and both the chord structure and melody are surprisingly rich. The groove of the song lies somewhere between soul, pop and light jazz, giving the song a sophisticated, urban feel. Ray’s vocal covers an impressive vertical range and his tone ranges from resignation to deeply held emotion. It’s a remarkable creation that grows on you the more you listen to it:

Our story ends with “Finale,” a reprise of the chorus in “Education.” Of course it does. We have learned in Schoolboys in Disgrace that education has become a system that is insensitive to the needs of the children it is supposed to serve. Parents have delegated the function of education to the state, which is ill-equipped to help adolescents deal with the process of becoming an adult. Sir Ken Robinson spoke eloquently and perceptively on this subject in a TED talk:

In the end, Flash is the victim he imagined himself to be, and the question Ray Davies leaves us with in Schoolboys in Disgrace is “Do we really want to live with a system that is designed to create victims with no capacity to accept personal responsibility for their lives?” If you look at the havoc that system has wrought, you have to answer that question emphatically in the negative.

15 responses

  1. Absolutely loved this review – thank you! I’ve been a lifelong Kinks fan and stupidly avoided this album because of the way this period of their career has been dismissed by critics over the years (a misguided move to protect my devotion to the band!)

    Like any other Kinks album you care to think of, repeated listening and thoughtful analysis of the lyrics brings out the wealth of interesting ideas Ray Davies packed into every single one of their songs. This review was so well written, thought-provoking and a great accompaniment to this album.

    Thank you – it’s like discovering the Kinks all over again and THAT is a wonderful thing!

    1. You’re very welcome! I remain baffled by the critical rejection of the theatrical period, but I suspect that the critics were just too lazy to deal with such impressive depth. I agree with Dave Davies’ assessment of the album and the period that appeared in an interview o Yahoo! a few years ago: “Schoolboys in Disgrace is a great album. At the time, we were so busy doing it and getting it out and touring and playing it. Over a matter of three years it was gone and we were doing something else. But when you draw this into the present, it’s like, ‘Oh my God, what the f— is this?!? How did we do that?’ We’ve been very fortunate, Ray and I and the Kinks. We’ve had such a wealth of materials, ideas, and observations. We’ve been very good at following our intuition. That’s something you can’t really teach.”

  2. Saw this for years in delete record bins and looking through piles of discount cassettes; the cover art both stood out from the pack and turned off potential buyers. Discovered it later in life and it grew on me very quickly. There are enough songs that stand on their own, “No More Looking Back” especially.

  3. I discovered this a couple of years ago. I used to see it in the racks back then, nobody wanted to bring that cover to the cashier probably. But I really do love this album, a lot deeper than The Wall when it comes to school days.

  4. Hardcore Kinks fan here — just stumbled upon this marvelous site. Schoolboys is a fine Kinks album that’s never been particularly highly regarded by critics. Thank you for giving it some of the love it deserves.

    I agree that Dave is just stellar throughout — Ray’s compositions here are a bit hit-or-miss, but even the more run-of-the-mill songs like “Education” are a treat to listen to thanks to Dave elevating them. And thank you for shining a light upon that killer 1-2-3 punch (“I’m In Disgrace”, “Headmaster”, “The Hard Way”) — when Dave’s shredding supports a good Ray song, the results are devastating. Dave’s solo in “The Hard Way” is one of the finest moments of his career — and that includes “You Really Got Me”.

    “No More Looking Back” is one of the more singular songs in the Kinks’ lengthy catalogue. The song is ostensibly about Flash, but Ray’s vocals display none of his trademark bemused detachment; his delivery is real and direct. It’s PERSONAL. Considering that his own marriage had broken up a couple of years before, this song could have very well been him exorcising his own demons. It starts unpromisingly, with a bland L.A. studio vibe, but after the initial verses, Ray kicks it into another gear and the melody comes into its own, expertly framed by Dave’s superb axe work. The result is enormously satisfying, and (ignoring the brief “Education” reprise) it’s a perfect closing statement to an underappreciated album.

    Though it’s theoretically one of the Kinks’ theatrical albums, it actually strikes a nice balance between the show tunes of the albums that preceded it and the arena-rock that would follow afterwards. If the Kinks had continued down this path in subsequent years their Arista tenure would have been much more engaging.

    1. Great observation on “No More Looking Back.” It does feel different than the rest of the songs on the album, and I think you nailed it—it’s personal. There’s a tone of regret and not wanting to let go that is undeniable. Thank you! I love the insights!

  5. How could I have been the only person to respond to this review???? It’s one of your best.

    1. Yeah, isn’t that something? I did get one other passing and positive comment about it in another review, but the silence is deafening.

    2. Yeah, isn’t that something? I did get one comment about it in another review, but the silence is deafening.

      1. Well, reading this great review again, Flash’s similarities to Donald Trump become even more pronounced. It’s kind of disturbing. Of course Trump attended a military boarding school in his youth. I wonder how much of his story is this story.

      2. I didn’t know that about the military school—I’m surprised! He’s obviously pretty aggressive but wildly undisciplined, so it’s likely there was some kind of rebellious act during that period—maybe one that required him to take his trousers down!

        I re-set my home page to Nate Silver’s 538 blog so I can keep tracking the odds. Right now it’s 3-1 Hillary but that’s too tight a race for my tastes. I want total annihilation! I want Hillary to carry Texas and Idaho!

  6. […] Schoolboys in Disgrace […]

  7. […] Classic Music Review: The Kinks Present Schoolboys in Disgrace ( […]

  8. You must be the first person in eons (or ever) to seriously review “Soap Opera” and “Schoolboys in Disgrace.” They’ve been so frequently dismissed as campy and over-indulgent that I think people don’t even listen to the records anymore before maligning them. Great review of both records, especially “Schoolboys!” A couple of quick reactions:

    I don’t think “underrated” is the right term to describe Dave Davies’ guitar playing. “Ignored” I think is a better term. I do think Dave is dismissed as a historic figure in Rock because of his youth when he started, his brother’s antagonism over the years, and his own defiant and erratic personality. He certainly can’t be overlooked because of his actual guitar playing. You would be hard pressed to find three more influential guitarists in the history of Rock than Dave the Rave. Try listening to anything recorded by Hendrix and Page (both older than Dave by several years) prior to mid-1964.

    You nailed your not-too-common assessment of “I’m in Disgrace,” “Headmaster,” and “The Hard Way” as highlights of the Kinks career. Interestingly, my two kids (now in their early twenties) both gravitated to “I’m in Disgrace” and “The Hard Way” out of the entire Kinks’ catalog as favorites. The opening piano of the “I’m in Disgrace” is reminiscent of harpsichord passages from “Two Sisters,’ which I think was hardly accidental, given it’s reputation as an allegory of Ray and Dave’s relationship as seen by Ray. While Dave spent most of his early songwriting career lamenting being separated from his first love that he impregnated at 15 (and for whom he was expelled from school after being caught making love to), this is Ray’s first treatment of his wayward brother’s ordeal. At the end of the song’s intro, just as Ray declares he wishes he’d never seen his beloved’s face, Dave crashes in with power chords that destroy the intimacy of the intro and perfectly emulate the effect of shit hitting the fan. All three songs are sung and played with palpable emotion. You rightfully highlighted Dave’s solo in “Headmaster,” which vibrates with remorse and anger. I do also wonder if Ray hasn’t played the role of Headmaster to Dave throughout their professional career together, which helps explain why Dave wants no part of working with him again. For whatever reason, “The Hard Way” leaps out of the album’s context and can be understood by anyone anywhere who has ever been torn down and humiliated.

    I’ve gone on a bit long, but I really love this album and you’re review really has me thinking more deeply about it. I hope Bobcat Goldthwaite’s long-planned movie musical version of the album comes off.

    Another great job and I’m sorry your Kinks review series is now completed. You’ve more than redeemed yourself for “Arthur” (just kidding). As a request, I’d like you to consider reviewing the Kinks’ Greatest Hits album (the Reprise one from 1966 – I’m sure your Dad has it), much like you reviewed the “Beatles Past Masters.” I understand your skipping their early albums, but there are some historic songs you are missing that I’d love to hear your take on.

    Best wishes!

    1. I do have the Great Lost coming up and that’s a great idea about the greatest hits!

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